Unsolved Mysteries of New Brunswick Archaeology: Selections from the George Frederick Clarke Collection
Type de publication:Conference Paper
Résumé (en anglais):
Over the course of half a century, avocational archaeologist Dr. George Frederick Clarke (1883-1974) amassed, through surface finds and excavation, a collection of artifacts spanning approximately 8000 years of New Brunswick archaeological history. The 2700 artifacts in his collection were recently donated to the University of New Brunswick by the Clarke family. Honours students in archaeology are conducting preliminary research into a selection of these artifacts. Here we present research directed toward fulfilling UNB's commitment to the Clarke family — to use the collection for public promotion of New Brunswick and First Nations' heritage. Each student has chosen an artifact to analyze, placing it in geographical and chronological context, and considering material, manufacture, and function. The artifacts selected are a low-fired ceramic sherd, a ground-slate gorget, a unifacial end-scraper, a bi-pointed biface, a bifacial scraper, a flaked and ground stone axe, a clay tobacco pipe, a flaked-stone drill, and a bulbous plummet.