Some Thoughts on the Problems of Archaeological Survey and Testinq in Arctic and Subarctic Regions (An example trom the Trans-Alaska pipeline project)
Type de publication:Conference Paper
Résumé (en anglais):
The problems encountered when testing and surveying archaeological areas in Arctic and subarctic regions are many and complex. Some of these are dependent upon the nature of the sites themselves, but more often than not they are reflective of past and present environmental conditions. Sampling and testing techniques are often at the mercy of climatic conditions which restrict and limit the effectiveness of the archaeologist. Solifluction, frost heaving, the geological-geomorphological setting, along with the dominant process in the Arctic, mass wasting, can create great difficulties for the archaeologist. Logistics, too, restrict the effectiveness of the archaeologist, as does the limited excavation season. The following discussion is an example of how these problems were met along the route of the trans-Alaska pipeline with some suggestions for further studies in Arctic and subarctic areas.